Wheat belongs to the genus of herbaceous cereals, as a rule, they are annual plants of the cereal family. It is the leading grain crop in Kazakhstan, as well as in many other countries. Wheat - Wheat has always been considered one of the oldest and most important grain crops. Its main purpose is to make wheat flour. Due to the fact that wheat grains can form gluten, very high quality bread can be obtained from wheat grains. In addition to flour, products such as cereals, pasta, starch, and alcohol are made from wheat. The main advantage of milling grain is that it is possible to obtain a high yield of certain types of flour with a low time and minimum energy consumption for grinding. In order to determine the quality of grain, the following indicators are used: general (they refer to grain of all varieties); special (for grain of rare crops); these indicators are responsible for the safety of the product.
The main quality indicators include mandatory ones, they are determined in each batch of grain of all crops: product freshness (appearance, color, smell, taste), pest infestation, raw material moisture and contamination.
The special or main ones include such quality indicators, which in turn characterize the commodity and technological properties of wheat grain. This group includes vitreousness (wheat, rice), naturalness (wheat, rye, barley, oats), falling number (wheat, rye), the quality of raw wheat gluten. Also, often in wheat, the number of small, frosty grains and grains that have been damaged by a turtle bug is determined.
Vitreousness: from the consistency of the grain, it can have a different shape, namely: vitreous, semi-vitreous, and mealy. It is believed that the denser the consistency in the cross section, the higher the vitreousness indicator. If there are microscopic voids in the endosperm when examining it, then it usually looks mealy. Vitreous wheat requires more energy for grinding than mealy wheat, but nevertheless, at the output, it is much better than mealy wheat.
Protein: one of the most important nutrients for the human body. Protein content - the higher the milling and baking properties, the higher the quality of the wheat.
Wheat is grown in many countries, in this regard, there are not only classic wheat varieties, but also unique, local ones. You can wholesale wheat in Kazakhstan and Almaty from the Aramax company.